It’s the happiest day of your life! Your wedding day… Best. Day. Ever.
Smiles, hugs, the white gown, the champagne, the first dance, the cake, and the limo. Laughter peels through the air. Fleeting memories of vows and eager faces, music hanging in the air. Although, you could do without the bit of the mother-in-law drama!
You’re a physician who is married to another physician. There is no doubt, the two of you have an incredibly bright future ahead of you. After all, you’re going to be making almost $400,000 combined!
You’re just getting through the final year of your residency. Practice is just ahead! You’ll finally be able to buy a house, go on vacations, and not be scraping by on a champion’s diet of apples, oranges, and top ramen.
Then it hits you like you just ran into a brick wall- $500,000 of medical school debt…. How the heck are you ever going to get out of that debt?
Is it going to take 20 years? 30 years?
Luckily, you read this article a couple of years ago and you’ve enrolled in the Public Service Loan Forgiveness Program (PSLF) and you think it may only take another 8 years if you are lucky. However, the payments are going to be killer in another year- almost $5,000 a month between the two of you! That will kill the hopes to save for a home quickly. How the heck could you afford it?
Then, you meet some crazy financial guy that tells you that you need to get separated…
We just got married and now we have to get separated?
Why Two Married Physicians Should File Married Filing Separately
Okay, I don’t mean that these two physicians have to get separated legally, but instead be married filing separately on THEIR TAXES.
The two currently do not have to be one and the same. It is a choice!
I had this same situation happen to me recently when two physician clients came into my office to explore their options on re-paying their debts.
DISCLAIMER: These are two physicians who are working in a hospital setting, thus under a non-profit. Remember, in order to qualify for loan forgiveness under PSLF, you have to work for a non-profit or a government entity.
We explored the differences between married filing jointly versus married filing separately. I was astounded by the results.
Below are three tables showing several scenarios we ran to show how married filing separately versus married filing jointly can affect your payments, and thus the potential loan forgiveness.
In this real-life scenario, the wife is now in practice- she transitioned in July of 2014. He is two years behind and will be transitioning to practice in July of 2016.
Keep in mind that the IBR payment changes AFTER you report your income- let’s say by May of each year. For simplification purposes, we will assume it happens in January of each calendar year.
The wife- Dr. Giselle Smith- $110,000 in eligible student debt.
|Married Filing Jointly/ One Still In Residency, Other In Practice||$240,000||$726/mo|
|Married Filing Jointly/ Both In Practice||$370,000||$1,100/mo|
|Married Filing Separately (Only Her Income)- Transition Year||$120,000||$328/mo|
|Married Filing Separately (Only Her Income)- Fully In Practice||$185,000||$537/mo|
The husband- Dr. Tom Smith- $315,000 in eligible student debt.
|Married Filing Jointly/ One Still In Residency, Other In Practice||$240,000||$2,002/mo|
|Married Filing Jointly/ Both In Practice||$370,000||$3,220/mo|
|Married Filing Separately (Only His Income in Residency)||$55,000||$349/mo|
|Married Filing Separately (Only His Income)- Transition Year||$120,000||$953/mo|
|Married Filing Separately (Only Her Income)- Fully In Practice||$185,000||$1,557/mo|
Combined- Husband and Wife Together
|Scenario||IBR Payment- Married Filing Jointly||IBR Payment- Married Filing Separately|
|Year 1- She is Fully In Practice (transition year income was previous year), He is full year in residency||$2,084/mo||$677/mo|
|Year 2- She is fully in practice, he is full year in residency||$2,728/mo||$886/mo|
|Year 3- she is fully in practice, he is in transition year||$3,074/mo||$1,490/mo|
|Year 4 & beyond- both are fully in practice||$4,320/mo||$2,094/mo|
|TOTAL PAYMENTS IN 4 YEARS||$146,472||$61,764|
We could go on and on, but check it out- you could be saving yourself literally HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS of dollars IF your debts get forgiven through PSLF PLUS being married filing separately.
Keep in mind to look at this decision holistically before jumping in the pool and filing this way. There are real-world tax consequences to this decision when you file for taxes as married filing separately versus married filing jointly.
In this particular instance, the difference was minimal only about $2,000 per year in combined federal and state income taxes. It made far more of an impact on their debt reduction to go for it, rather than take the cash flow hit.
Make sure to discuss any potential tax impact with your advisors so that you fully understand the consequences.
As a physician, you’ve made a commitment to helping others and your community.
Now make a plan to pay-off your debt!
Consider for a moment… could you utilize that strategy that we have discussed?
Also, one other topic this isn’t discussed enough, what if you could COMBINED two of the debt forgiveness programs simultaneously?
For example, you could enroll in PSLF, work for a non-profit in an under-served area, and then at the SAME TIME, do a state forgiveness program for 2 or 3 or 4 years (whatever the minimum commitment is).
This could hedge the bet of the federal government taking away the punch bowl from the party. This way you have substantially less debt no matter what happens.
If, as a young physician, you focus on paying off your debts, save for a rainy day, live within your means and put money away for retirement, you can then do the things you’ve long dreamed of doing and be well down the road to financial independence.
About the Author:
Dave Denniston, Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA), is an author and authority for physicians providing a voice and an advocate for all of the financial issues that doctors deal with. He is the author of 5 Steps to Get out of Debt for Physicians, The Insurance Guide for Doctors, The Tax Reduction Prescription, and his new book, The Freedom Formula for Physicians. For questions about slashing your debt, reducing your taxes, or anything else with a dollar sign in front of it, email Dave at firstname.lastname@example.org or check out his latest podcast at www.DoctorFreedomPodcast.com.